Primary industry suffered severely in the 1930s due to drought and the Depression, so the government introduced three new taxes to support farmers: the flour tax, the wool tax and the apple and pear tax.
How is the community supported through taxes? Who funds what government service? What happens when disaster strikes a local area?
Tax in your community is an interactive divided into two sections. The first section explores students' understanding of which of the three levels of government in Australia has responsibility for specific government services such as health, garbage collection and so on. The second section explores the impact of a flood on the local community of Greenville. Students make choices about the appropriate distribution of resources (raised through taxes) in a crisis situation. This task will effectively communicate the difficult trade-offs that are involved in distributing public wealth. Students must juggle competing demands according to three criteria: community wellbeing, the economy and the environment.
You may wish to explain to students that while the interactive positions the 'Prime minister' as the primary decision-maker in this particular crisis, the responsibility and authority for making decisions will depend on the type and extent of the specific crisis.Tax in your community - PDF version