The first taxes in Australia were raised to help pay for the completion of Sydney's first gaol and provide for the orphans of the colony. Import taxes were put on spirits, wine and beer.
- Maximum contribution base
A limit to the amount of superannuation contributions that an employer is required to provide for an employee.
- Medicare levy
An amount payable by most taxpayers to cover some of the cost of the public health system.
- Medicare levy surcharge
An extra amount payable by some taxpayers in addition to the Medicare levy. A taxpayer may have to pay the surcharge if they do not have the appropriate level of private hospital cover with a health fund and their Medicare levy surcharge income exceeds the threshold.
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