During World War I, many taxpayers felt that it was their patriotic duty to pay more than their assessed tax. Some were not legally obliged to pay tax but did so and others made payments of double, treble or quadruple the assessed amounts.
The amount of money earned from personal effort, investments and the sale of CGT assets.
- Income tax
The amount of tax paid on taxable income.
- Income tax rate
The proportion of taxable income that is paid as tax. The income tax rate is expressed as a percentage or in cents-per-dollar. Companies have a set tax rate, unlike individuals, whose tax rate increases as the amount of taxable income increases.
- Indirect taxes
Taxes collected from an individual or business other than the person actually paying the tax, for example, GST.
- Instalment activity statement (IAS)
A form similar to the BAS (but without GST and some other taxes) used by businesses not registered for GST, and by individuals who are required to pay PAYG instalments or PAYG withholding, such as self-funded retirees.
- Investment options
The range of investments into which individuals can invest their money.
An extra amount payable by some taxpayers in addition to the Medicare levy. A taxpayer may have to pay the surcharge if they do not have the appropriate level of private hospital cover with a health fund and their Medicare levy surcharge income exceeds the threshold.read more glossary terms