What is a business?

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Find out about the importance of preparing a business plan and how to apply for an Australian business number.

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  • Fact 6

    'Bottom of the harbour' schemes were a form of tax avoidance used in Australia in the 1970s. The 'harbour' referred to was Sydney Harbour, which was near the financial district. Participation in the schemes was made a criminal offence in 1980.

Capital gains tax (CGT)

A tax on the profit made when selling or disposing of an asset such as investment properties, shares and collectables. The net capital gain amount, or the discounted capital gain amount in certain circumstances where a discount applies, is added to assessable income and income tax is then calculated on the taxable income. A person’s main residence (their home) is generally exempt and motor vehicles are exempt from CGT.

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