In 2003, New Zealand proposed an agricultural emissions research levy to be collected from livestock farmers. The tax was to be used to fund research into the livestock industry's emissions of gases.
No tax system is created in a vacuum. Shaping the system explores the ways in which the Australian tax system has evolved over time. It is divided into three sections. The first part canvasses the three levels of government, their respective sources of income and major items of expenditure.
The second part explores Australia's history in terms of both tax events and issues and contemporaneous events. Students are asked to select which period in history they think the key changes occurred; with the aim of challenging their preconceptions about policy systems through history.
The third part explores the types of taxes that contribute to Australia's revenue and asks students to consider what this 'tax landscape' might look like if alternative tax systems or schemes were applied.Shaping the system - PDF version
A system that supplemented funding of the Australian education system. It was incorporated with other loans into the Higher education loan program (HELP) on 1 January 2005.read more glossary terms