The introduction of electronic lodgement of tax forms in the late 1980s not only reduced the time it took to send out returns from ten weeks to two weeks but had a significant impact on the incidence of repetitive strain injury among data processors at the ATO.
No tax system is created in a vacuum. Shaping the system explores the ways in which the Australian tax system has evolved over time. It is divided into three sections. The first part canvasses the three levels of government, their respective sources of income and major items of expenditure.
The second part explores Australia's history in terms of both tax events and issues and contemporaneous events. Students are asked to select which period in history they think the key changes occurred; with the aim of challenging their preconceptions about policy systems through history.
The third part explores the types of taxes that contribute to Australia's revenue and asks students to consider what this 'tax landscape' might look like if alternative tax systems or schemes were applied.Shaping the system - PDF version
The proportion of taxable income that is paid as tax. The income tax rate is expressed as a percentage or in cents-per-dollar. Companies have a set tax rate, unlike individuals, whose tax rate increases as the amount of taxable income increases.read more glossary terms